The Korean Council for University Education announced a four year course 2019 plan for college admission on April 27th. The 2019 admission type’s student numbers for college entrance is 348,834 people. The number of students decreased by 3,491 people. As the number of students decreased due to the low birth rate, so too are the student numbers for college entrance decreasing.
|Jung MeongJae, head of college admissions announcing the 2019 admission type plans.|
In 2007, the ratio of susi exceeded the ratio of regular admission for the first time and in 2011, the ratio exceeded 60%. Furthermore, the ratio of 2019 susi will be 76%. It is a record-high ratio. While the ratio of 2019 regular admission will be 23.8% and includes 82,972 people. Also, the evaluation criteria by official transcripts of all high school graduates’ ratio continues to increase. The ratio of the evaluation criteria by official transcripts of all high school graduates is 65.9% in the 2019 college admission. This is an increase of 2%. Due to this, students will be stressed from school tests and with the evaluation criteria by official tests of the college admission committee, competition will be fierce.
For, current high school second graders, only five school exams which reflect this admission type remain, so students are expected to face fierce competition in the exams because of the attempt to achieve top scores. Also, the gap between the rich and poor will be seen between students with good scores and those with poor scores. Because the ratio of susi is increasing, students with good grades will have a higher possibility of multiple passes in the susi type. But students with poor grades will do their best at the evaluation criteria by official test of the college admission committee and an aptitude test which can overturn the poor scores.
In this way, the ratio of susi recruitment and the evaluation criteria by official transcripts of all high school graduates is expanding. So there is controversy regarding the pros and cons. The fairness and objectivity of evaluation criteria by official transcripts of all high school graduates is controversial. Because of the presidential election, there is a lot of discussion about the revision of the CSAT system and revision on the ratio of jungsi. Reset Korea Department of Education claims, “The government shouldn’t decide the ratio of jungsi.” Also Professor Kim Yi-Gyeong of Chungang University Department of Education claims, “Each department has to make its own selection criteria. The adjustment power has to be given to the university.” What about teachers and university admissions officers’ opinion? A survey of high school teachers and university admissions officers showed that they want to maintain the current college jungsi ratio. Also, more than 30% of respondents said they wanted to expand the rate of jungsi selection. It is because students who fail to get a good score on the school test have to be given the opportunity to re-attempt it.
Then why does the ratio of susi increase? There are 4 main factors. First, society has become diversified, so there is a demand of a variety of human talents. Susi has a variety index of evaluation, so it became more relevant. Second, one memorization test can’t evaluate students properly. The Susi selection evaluates students through 10 tests and school records, so it is proper for evaluating students. Third, it can reduce the private education market. Currently, students get a head start in learning before they go to high school and spend an enormous amount of money on private education since they are in first grade of elementary school. It means that College Scholastic Ability Test loses its discernment. So colleges can’t believe the CSAT. Kyunghee University analyzed the household income level of freshmen. It showed that students who enter the CSAT were higher compared to other models. So, CSAT scores can’t be independent of parents’ economic strength or private education. Fourth, education stakeholders including universities, the education department, and schools prefer this system. The education department wants to reduce private education portion and colleges want to choose students through their own criteria. Also, schools want to determine students’ entrance through the student record which includes teachers’ opinions which will establish the teachers’ authority.
Due to this, students and parents’ anxiety is growing. Also, attention is focused on what the new government will do to reform the CSAT.
(The application for college admission is divided by two parts according to the College Scholastic Ability Test (CSAT). In the two types of college admission, “Susi” is the way of application before taking CSAT. “Jungsi” means the application method after taking CSAT.)
Choi Ga-Yun cub-reporter firstname.lastname@example.org
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