The April Revolution, also known as the April 19 movement or the April 19 revolution, was a popular uprising in April 1960. The movement was led by labor and student groups. It eventually led up to the peaceful resignation of then president Rhee Syng-man, the overthrowing of the autocratic First Republic of South Korea, and the transition to the Second Republic.
The revolution was triggered by the discovery of a dead body in Masan Harbor, that of a student killed by tear-gas shell during the demonstrations against the elections in March.
There are many different reasons why the April Revolution took place. The most commonly known reason was the rampant corruption in the government during the rule of President Rhee Syng-man. People became enraged by the corrupt government. Eventually, students of Daegu city rebelled against the government and the April 19 revolution started.
The April Revolution was the first democratic revolution in Asia led by students and citizens. It was held in resistance to autocracy and it was also the first successful revolution by the people that overthrew a government. It was a historic period because at that time, the citizens and students fought for their rights and freedom and embraced liberal democracy.
The April Revolution was the first step in the development of South Korea's democracy. And more importantly, the April 19 revolution was the movement which showed the power of the people.
by Choi Deok-yoon, Reporter
Choi Deok-yoon email@example.com
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